Local government finance
Resourcing local government remains a central challenge to effective decentralisation. This section has content relating to different models of fiscal decentralisation, options for identifying new sources of local revenue, such as local property tax; and strategies for improving collection and deployment of own-source revenue. It also offers information about improving the borrowing potential of local government, innovative financing models such as municipal bonds, shared services, and public private partnerships.
In the two decades from 1995 to 2015, Australian local governments experienced a fourfold increase in expenditure. Even more striking though, is that during this same period many local governments were stripped of their water and sewerage functions – so these figures actually underrepresent the real picture. This report proposes a range of suggestions to address the financial sustainability of local government.
Author: Roberta Ryan and Joseph Drew Publisher: The McKell Institute Publication year: 2016
This paper provides an overview of the efforts of successive Zambian governments to transform and institutionalise democratic local governance, and to come to grips with the socio-economic development challenges facing the country. It assesses the progress and challenges that governments are facing in their efforts to transform local government into democratic, developmental local governance.
Author: Bornwell Chikulo Publisher: university of Technology, Sydney Publication year: january 2009
This article discusses gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) at the local level in Kerala by studying a village panchayat, the lowest tier of rural local government. GRB of a rudimentary form, known as Women Component Plan (WCP), had been in existence at the local level for the last 20 years as a key feature of participatory planning. The study adopts a fourfold classification of all projects implemented in the panchayat on the basis of their gender friendliness and calculates allocation and expenditure under each of these categories. The data on which the article relies relate to the expenditure incurred under the annual plans rather than budgets, which are based on inflated and unreliable data. The article ends by making some observations based on the data and the overall experience of Kerala in gender budgeting.
Author: John S. Moolakkattu, John S. Moolakkattu Publisher: Sage open Publication year: 2018
Cities are assets, solutions and drivers of economic and social development. Cities possess huge untapped economic potential that can and should be leveraged to create wealth and economic opportunities for all. This requires good urban planning that supports urban compactness, integration, and connectivity. However, even the best urban plans risk ending up unused if they are not accompanied by financial and regulatory strategies for implementation. Strategic public investments must go hand in hand with strategic funding mechanisms and supporting governance systems. The report also identifies successful governance mechanisms for efficient and equitable provision of public services in metropolitan areas of developing countries, and shares experiences and methods to making public service provision more viable in peri-urban areas of large cities and in smaller urban centres of these countries.
Author: UN Habitat Publisher: UN Habitat Publication year: 2017
The Association of Local Authorities of Tanzania (ALAT) is 30 years old. it is the association that represents officials of local authorities in Tanzania at both the elected and appointed levels with its mandate being to promote the system of local government decentralization in Tanzania, lobby for the rights of its members, provide a platform for the exchange of information and skills, and provide capacity bulding opportunities for its members. aLaT has established a relationship with the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Municipal Partners for Economic development Program (MPEd), and the Local Government Management association of British Columbia. (LGMa). Within the framework of MPEd the partners have embarked on a capacity building program to strengthen the capabilities of aLaT to support its members through improved knowledge management, the exchange of best practices, a well as engagement in program monitoring and evaluation. if aLaT is able to develop and deliver affordable and practical skill based training for its members this will lead to the achievement of the following objectives:
Author: Tom MacDonald Publisher: LGMA British Colombia Publication year: 2011