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Solomon Islands 

Key facts

POPULATION (Census 2009): 515,870
AREA: 28,896 sq km
CAPITAL: Honiara
CURRENCY: Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION TO GDP4: 0.27%
HEAD OF STATE: HM Queen Elizabeth II
GOVERNOR-GENERAL: Sir Frank Kubui
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: English (official)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: August 2010, turnout: -; next: 2014
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: December 2010, turnout: -; next: 2014

Summary

The Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy with three tiers of government: national, provincial and local. The constitution specifically mentions sub-national government and the main legislative texts for local government include the Local Government Act 1996, Provincial Government Act 1997 and Honiara City Act 1999. The Minister for Provincial Government has responsibility for the provinces, while the Minister for Home Affairs has responsibility for all other local government including Honiara. However, Honiara is currently the only established local government and is empowered to raise local revenue through property rates, business tax and fees for services or licences.

Download full profile of Solomon Islands (  106K PDF)

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