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Swaziland 

Key facts

POPULATION (Census 2007): 1,239,131
AREA: 17,366 sq km
CAPITAL: Lobamba (royal and legislative); Mbabane (administrative)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION TO GDP: -
CURRENCY: Swazi lilangeni (SZL)
HEAD OF STATE: HM King Mswati III
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional monarchy
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: bicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: English (official), Siswati
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: September 2008, turnout: -;
next: August 2013

LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: 2013; turnout:- next

Summary
The Kingdom of Swaziland is a constitutional monarchy with two spheres of government: national and local. Local government is enshrined in the constitution and the main governing legislation is the Urban Government Act 1969. Responsibility for local government rests with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development and there are 12 municipalities and 55 rural councils called tinkundla. The municipalities hold revenue-raising and budget-setting powers whilst the tinkundla do not. Local government responsibilities include town planning, water and sanitation, waste management and environmental protection.

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