Search
Twitter RSS News Feed CLGF blog

India

Key facts

POPULATION (Census 2011) 1,210,193,422
urban: 377m rural: 833m
AREA: 3,287,263 sq km
CAPITAL: New Delhi
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION TO GDP: 0.75%
CURRENCY: Rupee (INR)
HEAD OF STATE: President Pranab Mukherjee
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Narendra Modi (since May 2014)

FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional democratic republic

PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: bicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: federal
LANGUAGES: Hindi and English (official),
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu (recognised).
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: 2014, turnout: 66.4 (up from 58.2% in 2009); next: 2019 
LOCAL ELECTIONS: vary from state to state

Summary

India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central (union), state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local government and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. The Ministries for Urban Development, Housing and Poverty Alleviation, Panchayati Raj and Rural Development all have oversight responsibility for local government at the national level.

Download full  profile of India (  99K PDF)

Related links

Commonwealth Local Government Good Practice Scheme in India

Additional information since publication

National elections were held in May 2014 resulting in a majority for the BJP and Narendra Modi being sworn in as Prime Minister on 26th May 2014. For more information - see the election commission website http://eci.nic.in

State assembly elections where held in 2014 in Arunachal Pradesh, Guyjarat, Haryana, Maharastra, Manipur, Nagaland and Uttar Pradesh
For more information - 
 see the election commission websitehttp://eciresults.nic.in 

 

CLGF Headquarters, 16a Northumberland Avenue, London, WC2N 5AP Tel: +44 (0)20 7389 1490 Fax: +44 (0)20 7389 1499
Site by Tin Soldier