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India

Key facts

POPULATION (Census 2011)1 1,210,193,422
urban: 377m rural: 833m
AREA: 3,287,263 sq km
CAPITAL: New Delhi
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION TO GDP4: 0.75%
CURRENCY: Rupee (INR)
HEAD OF STATE: President Pranab Mukherjee
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional democratic republic
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: bicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: federal
LANGUAGES: Hindi and English (official),
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu (recognised).
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: 2009, turnout: 56.7%; next: 2014
LOCAL ELECTIONS: vary from state to state

Summary

India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central (union), state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local government and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. The Ministries for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Panchayati Raj and Rural Development all have oversight responsibility for local government at the national level.

Download full  profile of India (  99K PDF)

 

Related links

Commonwealth Local Government Good Practice Scheme in India

Additional information since publication

Elections were held in Assam, Kerala, Pondicherry, Tami Nadu and West Bengal in April 2011, results can be obtained from the election commission website: www.indian-elections.com/resultsupdate

 

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