Commonwealth Local Government Forum

India

Key facts:

POPULATION (2011 Census): 1,210,193,422
AREA: 3,287,263 sq km
CAPITAL: New Delhi
CURRENCY: Rupee (INR)
HEAD OF STATE: President Pranab Mukherjee
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Narendra Modi
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional democratic republic
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: bicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: federal
LANGUAGES: Hindi and English (official); Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi,
Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu (recognised)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: 2014 turnout: 66.4% next: 2019
LOCAL ELECTIONS: vary from state to state
WOMEN COUNCILLORS: 37.1% (2013)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE (as a percentage
of total government expenditure 2011/12): 3%

Summary

India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central (union), state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local government and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. The Ministries for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Panchayati Raj and Rural Development all have oversight responsibility for local government at the national level and each state has its own enabling legislation. There are a total 257,000 local government bodies of which 252,249 are rural and 4,751 urban. Of the rural local government, 608 are zila parishad at the district level, 6,614 are panchayat samaiti at the block level, and 245,027 gram panchayat at the village level. Urban local bodies include municipal corporations for cities, municipalities for larger towns and town panchayats for smaller towns. Both urban and local government is governed by state level legislation which determines local tax raising powers.

National local government associations include the All India Council of Mayors, representing the municipal corporations; and Nagar Palik Pramukh Sangthen, representing the other urban municipalities.

Read the profile of the local government system in India.

CLGF activities in India

CLGF is currently working in in Maharashra and Madhya Pradesh as part of the wider DFID funded programme supporting local governance and local economic development.

CLGF members in India

Knowledge hub

Knowledge hub

Search the latest abstracts and info for the Asia region in our knowledge hub.

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Asia regional office

Regional office

CLGF's regional office in South Asia is based in Mumbai, India

 

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Board Members

Board members representing Asia

Mayor S Ali Zahir Moulana
Hon Datuk Abdul Tahman Dahlan

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Latest CLGF local government news and information from the Asia region

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