Papua New Guinea
POPULATION (Census 2011): 7,059,653
AREA: 462,840 sq km
CAPITAL: Port Moresby
CURRENCY: Kina (PGK)
HEAD OF STATE: HM Queen Elizabeth II
GOVERNOR-GENERAL: Michael Ogio
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional monarchy
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unitary
STATE STRUCTURE: federal
LANGUAGES: English, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu (official)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: 2011 turnout: na next: 2016
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: 2008 turnout: na next: 2013
WOMEN COUNCILLORS: 10% (2008)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE as percentage of total government
expenditure 2013/14: na 11.4% (2014-15)
Papua New Guinea is a federal constitutional monarchy monarchy with three spheres of government: central, provincial and local. Local government is enshrined in the national constitution. There are 20 provinces, the national capital area of Port Moresby, the autonomous region of Bougainville and 89 districts. Local governments are called
local-level governments (LLGs). There are 31 urban LLGs and 317 rural LLGs, making a total of 348 local governments. There is little difference in either the composition or the functions and responsibilities of the two types of government. The main governing legislation is the Organic Law on Provincial Governments and Local level Governments 1995 and the Local-level Governments Administration Act 1997. The
Minister of Provincial and Local Government Affairs has statutory responsibility over all
matters relating to local government. Local governments may levy a variety of local taxes
and charges, which account for the vast majority of revenue. There are government transfers to cover staff salaries as well as for specific development projects. Local governments are responsible for water supply and have joint responsibility with provinces for roads, waste disposal, health and environmental protection.
The Papua New Guinea Urban Local Level Government Association (PNGULLGA) represents urban local government in Papua New Guinea. It is recognised in law and membership of the association is mandatory for all urban LLGs. PNGULLGA aims to encourage and protect effective and efficient democratic local government in the urban areas. The association is funded by membership contributions. The association is viewed as an NGO and does not receive any direct grants from central government to support its operations; however, funding support may be provided if requested on a case-by-case basis.
There is no association for rural LLGs
Read profile of local government system in Papua New Guinea.
CLGF activities in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea has been an active partner for CLGF's work in the Pacific including hosting the Pacific Local Government Forum in 2014 in the capital, Port Moresby.
FLOW Programme – Bougainville (2012-2015)
The Pacific Funding Leadership and Opportunities for Women (FLOW) Programme was a four-year multi-partner initiative funded by the Government of the Netherlands. It aimed at increasing women’s representation in civil and political leadership across three Pacific Island countries, including Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, in order to drive gender equality.
CLGF’s programme under FLOW included:
- Providing sustained support to individual councils to incorporate gender into their policies, programs and service delivery; the two local governments targeted in PNG were Buka and Arawa Urban Councils.
- Strengthening the leadership capacity of women elected to and working within the local government sector through training, networking and mentoring opportunities;
- Strengthening partnerships between local governments and civil society organisations (CSOs) to support gender equality, strengthen local democratic participation and encourage community attitude change.
PNG Good Practice Scheme (2000 – 2011)
The PNG Good Practice Scheme, a technical twinning program between Australian and PNG local government, ocused on improving capacity to deliver key services. In total, there were seven formal partnerships established between the two countries as part of the programme. The scheme used successful mechanisms of council to council, peer to peer, technical support and on-the-job training to help build local capacity and skills. The scheme had two phases and supported capacity building in Urban Local Level Governments in PNG with particular emphasis on their role in meeting the (then) Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
CLGF members in Papua New Guinea
- Department of Provincial and Local level Government Affairs (DPLLGA)
- National Capital District Commission (NCDC)