POPULATION: (estimate 2014): 6,205,000
AREA: 71,740 sq km
CURRENCY: leone (SLL)
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT: President Ernest Bai Koroma
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional republic
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: English (official); Krio, Mende, Temne, Limba (recognised)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: November 2012 turnout: 87.3% next: 2017
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: November 2012 turnout: 87.3% next: 2016
WOMEN COUNCILLORS: 19.1% (2012)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE (as a percentage of total government expenditure 2013/14): 1.9%
Sierra Leone is a constitutional parliamentary republic with three spheres of government: central government, local councils and chiefdom councils. There is no constitutional provision for local government and the Local Government Act 2004 provides the main legal framework for local councils. The Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD) has responsibility for implementing decentralisation and local governance reforms. There are 19 local councils, made up of five city councils and one municipal council in the urban areas, and 13 district councils in the predominantly rural areas. The Local Government Act 2004 gives both the local councils and the chiefdom councils powers to raise revenue including local taxes, property rates, licences, fees and charges, and to receive mining revenues, interest and dividends etc. Transfers from central government include recurrent and development components. There are three broad types of transfers: administrative grants, grants for devolved functions and local government development grants. Under the Local Government Act 2004, 80 functions were devolved to local councils. To date, 56 of the 80 have been devolved in practice.
The Local Councils Association of Sierra Leone (LoCASL) was formed in July 2004.
The Local Government Act 2004 is currently under revision to reflect the 2010 national decentralisation policy.
In February 2016, the Constitutional Review Commission published an abridged version of its First Draft Report containing proposals for an amendment of the Constitution of Sierra Leone Act No 6 of 1991. A new chapter on Local Government and Decentralization has been recommending highlighting the following amendments:
-Local council elections to be conducted every 5 years instead of 4
-Local council election to be non-political
-Presidential, parliamentary and local council elections to be held on a fixed calendar date
On March 13TH 2016, as a result of major cabinet reshuffling, Mr. Maya KaiKai replace as the new Minister for Local Government and Rural Development.
Read the profile of the local government system in Sierra Leone.
CLGF activities in Sierra Leone
The Ebola crisis which devastated Sierra Leone between July 2014 and November 2015 resulted in CLGF not being able to take forward work planned as part of the wider DFID funded programme supporting local governance and local economic development. . However, CLGF has recently supported the General Assembly of the Local Councils Association of Sierra Leone (LoCASL) held in February 2016 in the municipality of Makeni. CLGF is also working closely with the Decentralization Secretariat at the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development on policy matters.
CLGF will continue to work with its member in Sierra Leone as it takes forward the EC funded project “Strengthening local government’s role as a partner in development” focused on the role for local government and other local and national actors in localising and implementing the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
CLGF was inviolved with local election monitoring in 2004 and 2008.
CLGF members in Sierra Leone
- Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development
- Local Councils Association of Sierra Leone (LoCASL)
- Freetown City Council