POPULATION (Census 2007): 837,271
AREA: 18,274 sq km
CURRENCY: Fijian dollar (FJD)
HEAD OF STATE: President Epeli Nailatikau
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Vorege (Frank) Bainimarama
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: democratic republic
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: Fijian, English, and Hindi (official)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: September 2014, turnout: 84%; next: 2018
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: 2005 turnout: 60%; next: tbc
WOMEN COUNCILLORS: 13.2% (2005)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE (as percentage of total governemnt budget): 1.6% (2013-14)
Fiji is a democratic republic with three spehres of government: national, provincial and local.
There is no reference to local government in the constitution and the main governing legislation is the Local Government Act 1985. The Ministry for Local Government, Housing and Environment (MLGHE) oversees the 13 municipal councils (two city councils and 11 town councils) whilst the 17 rural local authorities are overseen by the Central Board of Health. The 14 provincial councils are overseen by the Fijian Affairs Board.
Local government can raise revenu through user fees and property taxes, and receives a
core funding grant from central government as well as grants for specific services and one-off development projects. Many locally provided services are implemented in partnership with other government and non-government agencies, including rural electrification, environmental management, primary health, water and sanitation services, local economic development and tourism, municipal planning and transport, and social protection
There is currently no local government association in Fiji.
Read profile of local government system in Fiji.
CLGF activities in the Fiji Islands
The CLGF Pacific Office is based in Suva, Fiji.
UN Women markets for change project
CLGF Pacific partners with the UN Women in implementing activities in its Markets for Change (M4C) Project in Fiji focusing on ten councils in the country.
Activities include the coordination of training needs analysis scoping as well as facilitation of training for management of municipal markets. CLGF Pacific primarily assists the M4C in ensuring that local government and market management strategies will be gender responsive, effective and accountable to gender needs. Other aspects of CLGF’s involvement includes the assessment of market management structures, providing recommendations for improving market management governance, accountability, transparency and implementation of tailored training to market management staff.
The M4C Project is a six-year (2014 – 2019) multi-country project focusing on three Melanesian countries: Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The project is principally funded by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) as part of the Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Initiative.