POPULATION (2019 estimate): 4,783,000
AREA (UN 2006): 270,467 sq km
CURRENCY: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
HEAD OF STATE: HM Queen Elizabeth II
GOVERNOR-GENERAL: Dame Patsy Reddy
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: constitutional monarchy
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: English, Māori and sign language (official)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: 2020, turnout: 82.2%; next: 2024
WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT (2017): 48%
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: Oct 2019, turnout: 42.2%; next: Oct 2022
WOMEN COUNCILLORS (2019): 39.0%
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE as a percentage of total government expenditure 2017/18: 8.9%
New Zealand has two levels of government, national and local, which are politically, financially and administratively independent of one another. New Zealand has no written constitution and the general powers of local government are defined in the Local Government Act 2002. The minister of local government is responsible for local government’s core legislation, although s/he holds no oversight role except in situations where a council may have failed to discharge its statutory duties. Local government in New Zealand has two types. Regional councils, of which there are nine, are responsible for environmental management policy and regulations with regard to water, air and the coastline. Territorial authorities, of which there are 67 (13 city councils and 54 district councils) deliver a wide range of local services including potable water, sewerage, libraries, parks, recreation, cultural and community facilities, town planning and economic development. Six territorial councils also have responsibility for regional council functions and are known as unitary councils. These include both cities and districts. Almost 60% of operational revenue comes from property tax. Councils are required to take account of community diversity, the interests of the indigenous Māori population and the interests of both current and future generations, when making decisions.
Local Government New Zealand (LGNZ) represents the national interests of councils
of New Zealand by providing policy advice and training to councils. Membership is voluntary but all 78 local authorities are currently members
Read profile of the local government system in New Zealand.
CLGF activities in New Zealand
New Zealand has actively supported CLGF's work in the Pacific and its members in New Zealand have participated in the activites in the region through council to council peer support and individual expertise.
The 2007 Commonwealth Local Governemnt Conference was held in Auckland, New Zealand with teh support of the government of New Zealand and LGNZ.
CLGF members in New Zealand
- Local Government New Zealand (LGNZ)
- Department of Internal Affairs.