POPULATION (2007 Census): 20,252,223
AREA: 801,590 sq km
CURRENCY: Mozambican metical (MZN)
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT: President Filipe Nyusi
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: republic
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM: unicameral
STATE STRUCTURE: unitary
LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official); Swahili, Makhuwa, Sena (recognised)
NATIONAL ELECTIONS: last: Oct 2014 turnout: 48.6% next: 2019
LOCAL ELECTIONS: last: Nov 2013, turnout: na next: 2018
WOMEN MAYORS/CHAIRPERSONS: 11% (2013)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE (as a percentage of total government expenditure 2005/06): 1.8%
Mozambique is a democratic republic withtwo spheres of government: national and local. Law No. 9/96, the local authority law, enshrines local government in the constitution while the municipalities laws establish municipalities in all 33 cities and 20 of the country’s 128 towns. Local government therefore only covers a proportion of the population, and is predominantly urban. The Ministry of State Administration is responsible for the administration of the laws overseeing local government. Municipal budgets must be prepared and managed within the framework of the central government budget and municipalities are also responsible for collecting taxes and user fees. One of the main sources of central–local government transfers is the Municipal Compensation Fund, which represents 2% of fiscal tax revenue raised at national level according to the law. Local government has a number of statutory functions including the execution of economic, cultural and social programmes.
The National Association of Municipalities of Mozambique (ANAMM) was established by the municipalities in 2006 to promote cooperation and solidarity among all municipalities and contributes to training and professionalisation of municipal staff.
CLGF activities in Mozambique
Mozambique has been active in the Southern African regional meetings and the City of Maputo attending the 2016 Commonwealth Sustainable Cities Network meeting in Singapore.